Understanding How Uterine Fibroids Are Treated

Uterine fibroids, non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus, can cause various symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and pressure on the bladder or bowel. Treatment options depend on factors such as the size and location of the fibroids, as well as the severity of symptoms. One common treatment for uterine fibroids is medication, which aims to alleviate symptoms such as heavy bleeding and pain.

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Hormonal medications, such as birth control pills or hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce bleeding. Other medications, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, work by temporarily shrinking fibroids.

In cases where medication is ineffective or symptoms are severe, surgical interventions may be recommended. One surgical option is a myomectomy, which involves removing the fibroids while preserving the uterus. This procedure is often recommended for women who wish to retain their fertility. Another surgical option is a hysterectomy, which involves removing the uterus entirely. This option is typically considered for women who have completed their childbearing or who do not wish to preserve their fertility.

In addition to medication and surgery, certain minimally invasive procedures, such as uterine artery embolization and focused ultrasound surgery, may be options for some women. These procedures aim to shrink or destroy fibroids while preserving the uterus. Ultimately, the choice of treatment depends on individual circumstances and should be made in consultation with a healthcare provider.

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